Friday, March 20, 2009

Future Land Transportation

Future Land Transportation
Acceleration in order to develop land transport, refers to 4 (four) foundations statement, that are :
• To build safe and secure land transport system and also able to reach community of Indonesia regions.
• To build and organized of land transportation, railway, ferry transport, and also urban transport which is qualities, competence, and sustainable.
• To support the development of trading and land transportation industry that transparency and accountable.
• To develop the land transport infrastructure which integrated to the other modes.
Priorities Development :
• To maintain and rehabilitate the transport infrastructure, facilities and services that exist throughout Indonesia, to support economic growth;
• To upgrade or complete deficiencies in each system, in line with a defined strategic level of service and other requirements, specific to each region;
• To develop the land transport infrastructure, facilities and services
• Education and training to increase HRD;
Programme Priorities :
Reconditions superstructure road transport especially urban transport depends on minimal standard offering and improvement road safety facility and improvement accessibility of public services through by pioneer buses. Development of ferry transport, rehabilitation, to maintain the ferry transport infrastructure, and provide navigation supporting equipment with ferry transport facilities in isolated regions and boarder area.
The government strategy for accelerating land transport sector development :
• Continuous investment by the central government especially on non-commercial field.
• Requesting local government to participate the development of land transport affairs as much as possible in order to decrease a financial burden of central government.
• Providing a wide opportunity to private sector enabling to participate affairs especially on commercial field.
Government’s efforts to encourage private sector participation in land transport :
• Revised the existing railway law (Law No. 13/1992) more and more as well as abolishing the monopoly in the railway business. • Revised the existing road law (Law No. 14/1992 and GR 44/1993) for equal treatment between public transport and private
car gave opportunity private sector participation for reguler vehicle inspection by licensing to public and car manufacture workshop
• Tariff policy for commercial (business and executive class) has handed over the market mechanism (operator) and
• Policy for pioneer route has been profitable managed by private sector company
• For the future the land transport infrastructure development projects which give good financial economic might be managed by private sector (ex. Development of Ferry Terminal Margagiri-Ketapang) Unfortunately, the provision of Land Trans ort infrastructure since to be difficult to attract the private sectors due to the “slow yielding” economic and financial return.

Thursday, March 19, 2009


• Infrastructures
a. Road Networks
Total length of roads in Indonesia is 339,781 km that consist of National Roads, Provincial Highways, Municipal/city Roads, and Streets with 23.6% in good, 37.1% in fair, 23.6% in slightly damaged, and 15.8% in badly damaged condition.
b. Terminals
As an important transportation facilities, the government has also been considering to built more bus terminals for inter-city within or inter provincial district as needed.
Recently, the number of type A Terminals in Indonesia is 120 terminals, meanwhile for type B and C is 210 terminals. This will be more new bus terminals may be needed to provide to accommodate for the future demand
c. Weight Measurement Bridges
In order to maintain and prevent the road networks and road traffic safety, the government has provided some weight measurement bridges in certain location of vital routes. Recently, the number of weight measurement bridges available in Indonesia is 129 bridges.
d. Vehicle Testing Inspection Facility
Recently, the number of vehicle testing inspection facility available in Indonesia 447 unit that consist of mechanic testing 238 unit, non mechanic 223 unit and movable testing 16 unit.
• Facilities
a. Motor Vehicle
At the end of 2006 there were 50.017.950 vehicles licensed for use on the roads in Indonesia, of which 7,400,950 were passenger cars, 4,785,000 trucks, 2,730,000 buses and 35,102,000 motorcycle.
b. Urban Transport
Public transport demands in large cities are met by providing trains, taxis and buses. Urban transport vehicles are managed by individuals cooperatives and business undertakings. Most large cities such as Surabaya, Medan, Semarang, Makassar, Solo, Jogyakarta, Palembang, Batam, Banda Aceh have services provided by state-owned city buses, namely PERUSAHAAN UMUM DJAWATAN ANGKUTAN MOTOR REPUBLIK INDONESIA (abbr. PERUM DAMRI).
PERUM DAMRI also provides services between Jakarta and the Soekarno-Hatta International Airport. In additon, PERUM DAMRI also provides haj pilgrims to airport embarkations. In 2006 PERUM DAMRI operated 1,169 buses.
While state-owned city buses in Jakarta are operated by PENGANGKUTAN PENUMPANG DJAKARTA (abbr. PERUM PPD). In 2005 PERUM PPD operated 18 tourist buses and 373 Single Deckers. It carried 35,567 passengers of the Capital and its surrounding. Private bus operators in the National Capital are MAYASARI BHAKTI, BIANGLALA, HIMPURNA, METRO MINI, ANDALAN, KOWAN BISATA, STEADY SAFE, etc. In 2006, a total of 3,561 buses operated in Jakarta.
Urban Transport in Indonesia is one of crucial issues to be handled. The government has been realizing that good urban transport services will contribute significantly and positively in creating quality of life for urban population as well as to improve the national economy development as a whole.
In order to enhance the existing urban transport development, the government has planned and programmed to promote mass public transport through Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) and encourage people to contribute and support the government policy on such efforts. In Jakarta for instance, the bus rapid transit (BRT) system called TransJakarta was opened in February 2004 to improve public transport and alleviate traffic congestion. The first corridor, corridor I, spans a length of 12.9 km with high
platform air conditioned Euro II compliant diesel buses capable of carrying 83 passengers each. In February 2006, Corridor II and III, were added operating in April 2006. And the latest corridors, namely Corridor IV, V, VI and VII were
operated in January 2007, that made Jakarta’s BRT System as one of the biggest in the world with 92 kilometers length and 127 stations.

Wednesday, March 18, 2009

Modernizes the Air Traffic Control System.

Modernizes the Air Traffic Control System.
The Budget provides approximately $800 million for the Next Generation Air Transportation
System, a long-term effort to improve the efficiency, safety, and capacity of the air traffic
control system. The 2010 Budget supports moving from a ground-based radar surveillance
system to a more accurate satellite-based surveillance system; development of more efficient
routes through the airspace; and improvements in aviation weather information.
The Administration is committed to maintaining small communities’ access to the
National Airspace System. The Budget provides a $55 million increase over the 2009 level to
the Department of Transportation (DOT) to fulfill current program requirements as demand
for subsidized commercial air service increases. However, the program that delivers this subsidy
is not efficiently designed. Through the budget process, the Administration intends to work with
the Congress to develop a more sustainable program model that will fulfill its commitment while
enhancing convenience for travelers and improving cost effectiveness.
ThIs project was to develop ports and navIgatIonal safety facIlItIes (route IndIcators and route IndIcator vessels) havIng a hIgh degree of Importance and urgency In terms of marIne transport development of Eastern IndonesIa. The objectIve of the project was to help contrIbute to establIsh adequate marine transport routes that can serve as foundatIon for supportIng lIfestyles and the economIc development In the regIon. vessels) havIng a hIgh degree of Importance and urgency In terms of marIne transport development of Eastern IndonesIa. The objectIve of the project was to help contrIbute to establIsh adequate marine transport routes that can serve as foundatIon for supportIng lIfestyles and the economIc development In the regIon.

Tuesday, March 17, 2009

Transportation Sector

Transportation Sector
Eastern IndonesIa Is a regIon consIstIng of 12 provInces: three provInces of KalImantan (East, West, Central KalImantan), four provInces of SulawesI (North, South, Central, Southwest SulawesI), three provInces of Nusa Tenggara (East, West Nusa Tenggara, East TImor1), Maluku and IrIan Jaya. ThIs region covers an area of approxImately 1.18 mIllIon km2 (60% of the entIre natIon) and has a populatIon of around 28 mIllIon people, or 16% of the overall populatIon (as of 1992 just before ImplementIng this project). FarmIng Is the key Industry for thIs regIon wIth roughly 70% of the entIre workIng populatIon Involved farmIng (the natIonal average Is approxImately 50%). The per capIta regIonal gross output Is between 40% and 60% of the natIonal average. The level of road and other transportatIon Infrastructure Is low and thIs Is the regIon of IndonesIa that has the strongest need for economIc development.
AgaInst thIs background, addressIng the Issues of poverty relIef measures, resource development and trade promotIon, especIally In Eastern IndonesIa where economIc development has lagged behInd the rest of the natIon, has been posItIoned as a natIonal Important polIcy In the 5th FIve-Year Plan (FY 1989/1990~1993/1994), In order to provIde developmental effects to all sectIons of IndonesIa and raIse the level of welfare for Its cItIzens. Further, a key Issue for thIs plan was to promote the development of transport Infrastructures, whIch serve as the foundatIon for economIc actIvItIes. Among the varIous types of transport Infrastructures, Importance has been placed on promotIng the transport of daIly necessItIes and trade, partIcularly by ImprovIng the coastal shIppIng that lInks between the Islands. For example; to provide Americans a 21st Century transportation system, the Administration proposes a five-year $5 billion high-speed rail State grant program. Building on the $8 billion down payment in the American recovery and reinvestment Act of 2009, the President’s proposal marks a new Federal commitment to give the traveling public a practical and environmentally sustainable alternative to flying or driving. Directed by the States, this investment will lead to the creation of several high-speed rail corridors across the country linking regional population centers.